The baritone saxophone or "bari sax" (commonly abbreviated bs or bars to distinguish it from the less frequently used bass saxophone) is one of the largest members of the saxophone family, only being smaller than the bass, contrabass and subcontrabass saxophones.
It is the lowest-pitched saxophone in common use, and uses a mouthpiece, reed, and ligature that are larger than the tenor, alto, and soprano saxophones, the other commonly found members of the family. The baritone saxophone is commonly used in classical music.
The baritone saxophone, like other saxophones, is a conical tube of thin brass. It has a wider end, flared to form a bell, and a smaller end connected to a mouthpiece. The baritone saxophone uses a single reed mouthpiece like that of a clarinet. There is a loop in the neck to reduce it to a practical height. The baritone sax comes in two sizes with one ranging to low A and the other to low B♭.
As portrayed in Hibike! EuphoniumThere is only one student that is playing baritone saxophone in Kitauji's Concert Band:
- Baritone saxophones are stereotyped to sound like lawnmowers, except lawnmowers are better at staying in tune and have a sweeter timbre.
- That stereotype is often correct.